The behavior, physiology, and structure of an organism allowing it to be more suited to an environment.
(Cold-blooded) An organism that regulates its body temperature largely by exchanging heat with its surroundings.
(Warm-blooded)An organism that generates heat to maintain its body temperature, typically above the temperature of its surroundings.
An organism, such as a frog, toad, salamander, or some types of newts, having an aquatic early stage (e.g. tadpole) and developing air-breathing lungs as an adult (e.g. frog).
Any of various cold-blooded, usually egg-laying vertebrates of the class Reptilia, such as a snake, lizard, crocodile, turtle, or dinosaur, having an external covering of scales or horny plates and breathing by means of lungs.
One of the many small platelike dermal or epidermal structures that characteristically form the external covering of fishes, reptiles, and certain mammals.
The resemblance of one organism to another or to an object in its surroundings for concealment and protection from predators. (e.g. The harmless scarlet kingsnake mimics the deadly coral snake.)
The preservation and careful management of the environment and of natural resources.
The area or environment where an organism or ecological community normally lives or occurs.
Function of a particular species in an ecological community; all aspects of an organisms existence that enable it to survive and reproduce.
Behavior of living on the ground (rather than in the trees or seas).
Behavior of living in the trees.
A group of organisms interrelated by the fact that each member of the group feeds upon on the one below it and is in turn eaten by the organism above it in the chain.
An animal that consumes primarily the flesh of other animals.
An animal that feeds chiefly on plants.
An organism which gets its food energy from both plant and animal material.
An animal that feeds on dead or decaying matter. (e.g. Vulture or Hyena)
Any of various non-venomous snakes, such as the pythons and boas, that coil around and squeeze their prey to suffocate and kill it.
Any species which is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. (e.g. Northern Spotted Owl)
A species present in such small numbers that it is at risk of extinction. (e.g. Snow Leopard)
Any species that no longer exists anywhere on Earth. (e.g. Tasmanian Wolf)
Actual animals in program may vary from those listed depending upon availability.
Found in the Sub-Saharan region of Africa, the Pyxie frog is the 2nd largest frog on Earth. This amphibian can weigh up to 4½ pounds and can live for up to 20 years. They are voracious eaters and are often aggressive, capable of delivering a painful bite. Pyxie frogs are carnivorous and will consume practically anything they can fit into their mouths.
Sometimes referred to as a scheltopusik, this legless lizard can reach lengths up to 4½ feet. Unlike snakes, all lizards possess eyelids, ears and a sternum, not necessarily legs. This lizard prefers open country such as short grassland or sparsely wooded hills where they consume insects, small mammals and slugs. Due to its size, the European Legless Lizard tends to respond to harassment by hissing, biting, and musking. They occasional release their tail as a form of defense with the ability to slowly grow it back. The scheltopusik can be found in southeastern Europe from Greece and extending into south west Asia.
One of the six largest snakes in the world, the Burmese Python is capable of reaching lengths of 19 feet or more (although average is around 12 feet). These large constrictors are native to Southeast Asia and have become very popular in the pet trade causing this species to be a significant problem in the Florida Everglades. They are mainly nocturnal rainforest dwellers who diet upon any animal that they are able to overpower and swallow. When young Burmese Pythons often seek refuge in trees but remain almost entirely terrestrial as adults.
Native to Tanzania on the African continent, the Black-throated Monitor is one of the largest lizards on earth capable of reaching up to 7 feet in length and over 60 pounds! They are a semi-arboreal carnivorous lizard that often raid bird nests. However, these monitors spend nearly half their time underground in burrows. Unlike many other monitors, black-throats do not have aquatic tendencies. Very powerful jaws and a strong whip of the tail is their form of defense.
Arguably one of the most beautiful snakes on earth, the Brazilian Rainbow Boa has a unique iridescent sheen giving this snake a rainbow appearance. Rainbow Boas only reach lengths of 5 to 7 feet and prefer high humidity environments such as the Brazilian rainforests in which they are found. These snakes are almost entirely nocturnal and hunt for small mammals and birds.
A medium-sized tortoise found in South America, the red-footed tortoise is found in a variety of habitats from savannas to forest edges around the Amazon Basin. Being one of the slower members of the reptile family, red-footed tortoises are often opportunistic omnivores with vegetation making up most of their diet. Throughout much of their range, these tortoise are listed as a threatened species likely due to their popularity as both a food item and in the pet trade.
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